TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE

-INFLUENCE OVER 21ST CENTURY-


When one hears the word “Traditional Architecture”, they always picture a village or simple architecture. But one might be surprised with the influence of traditional or vernacular architecture has over our modern architecture.


Vernacular architecture refers to the usage of locally available material to minimize the cost. These materials include earth blocks, bamboo, wood available on site, etc. This genre of architecture has been running over the industry for ages. Recently in the past few years it has grown its importance yet again with its relevance to sustainable architecture.


Vernacular architecture is a way, we feel connected to our roots of culture. Whether it be designing a simple hut or designing a whole bungalow, vernacular architecture influences the design in some way or another. In the growing difficulties caused by changing climatic conditions, it’s easy to say that to balance the environmental havoc we can adapt our old traditional form of architecture.
Let us find out how one can adapt traditional architecture yet keeping it modern.

  • The usage of jaalis have been in the industry since the start. One can use the jail work on the walls to allow ample amount of light as well as ventilation to come within the premises.
  • Jaalis are the best way to incorporate some aesthetics as well as they serve the purpose of lighting and ventilations. These days GRC jaalis are being used which are easy to make and are made in surplus. They are also used as partitions for interiors.
  • The old traditional way of brick masonry popularly known as rat trap bond. This has been adopted by various modern architects. One such example is Laurie Baker. His famous work The Indian Coffee House, has seen the adaptation from rat trap bond of our traditional culture.

Example of rat trap bond

The Indian Coffee House

The above picture is of a restaurant located in Secunderabad, Telangana. We can see how beautifully he has transformed a small area into beautiful yet simple place to visit. This has been achieved by using traditional ways of architecture. The usage of bamboo for the partition walls, thatched roof, locally available stone material for flooring etc, are few of the main features of this restaurant.

  • Evolution of sun breakers have been visible throughout the time. At first these were used in the courtyards which makes a rhythm of light fall into our houses.
This image is a classic example of how the sun breakers were used earlier. This is still prevailed in many houses in Northern India. Often used in open spaces in our houses, they were quite useful to welcome ventilation as well as lighting. They created a sense of being outdoors in indoor premises.

The image on right is by Soltec
Company. We can clearly notice the evolution as to how the sun breakers are being used in modern architecture. They are used in front façade or balconies to allow the much-needed lighting within

Thus, we can conclude that our modern architecture should have its roots glued to traditional architecture. By doing so we might help sustainable architecture to gain its popularity more. Not only this, its also pleasing to look our old traditional architecture being brought back to the surface. Innovating and adding the touch of modernity flavor to these practices are always welcome and are being seen. Below are few more images for us to understand traditional architecture being used.

Eco friendly house made by Laurie Baker using old traditional style of Indian architecture.
Jaali work being incorporated in the building front façade changes the whole perspective of aesthetics. The simple use of bricks to create such wonders was an easy task for Laurie Baker.

All these images are subjected to copyrights, the whole purpose of using these images is to explain are viewers easily about the topic. We do not own any picture.